a BMW Group, Munich, Germany
b Department of Biomechanics in Sports, Faculty for Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich
c Chair of Epidemiology, Faculty for Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich
Sitting with crossed legs is a commonly adopted sitting posture in everyday situations. Yet, little is known about suitable design criteria to facilitate such a position inside a vehicle. This study is aimed at determining how much space is necessary for crossing the legs while considering legroom restrictions, anthropometric measures, and individual flexibility. More specifically, 3D-kinematics of an ankle-on-knee leg-crossing task and the easiness to move ratings of 30 participants were assessed with restrictions of the legroom (2 heights ×3 distances) as well as without restrictions. Functional regression models revealed adaptations to a legroom restriction in the execution of movement, which occurred mainly in the knee joint and increased with more restricted legroom proportions. Therefore, the present study suggests a distance of 120% of the buttock–knee length between the dashboard and the occupant, as it requires only moderate adaptations and does not affect the perceived easiness of move.
Practitioner Summary: This research investigated how much space is needed to cross the legs while sitting in a vehicle, finding that the movement execution is affected by legroom proportions, as well as individual anthropometry and flexibility. The study further presents the use of predicted motion traces to determine spatial requirements of movements.